Computer system architecture book
Brooks,., and Mohammad Usman Khan.
CS312 Computer Architecture and Organization.
For more information about the book, see the.Main tERM c by, vangie Beal, related Terms.Pipelining is a key concept in computer architecture.Ieee Technical Committee on Computer Architecture.Other factors influence speed, such as the mix of functional units, bus speeds, available memory, and the type and order of instructions in the programs.Intel's Web page for developers; provides a starting point for accessing Pentium information.Memory organization defines how instructions interact with the memory, and how memory interacts with itself.Every computer system, for example, requires an operating system.
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For example, computer-controlled anti-lock brakes must begin braking within a predictable, short time after the brake pedal is sensed or else failure of the brake will occur.
An assembler is a computer program that translates a human-readable form of the ISA into a computer-readable form.
A number of papers on the subject are available.
13 Instruction set architecture edit Main article: Instruction set architecture An instruction set architecture (ISA) is the interface between the computer's software and hardware and also can be viewed as the programmer's view of the machine.
Computer organization and features also affect power consumption and processor cost.
Performance is affected by a very wide range of design choices for example, pipelining a processor usually makes latency worse, but makes throughput better.Includes very good set of lecture notes.Dictionary of Computer Science, Engineering, and Technology.Furthermore, designers may target and add special features to their products, through hardware or software, that permit a specific benchmark to execute quickly but don't offer serial number volo view 3 similar advantages to general tasks.Barton, Robert., "A New Approach to the Functional Design of a Digital Computer Proceedings of the Western Joint Computer Conference, May 1961,. ."Computer Structures: Readings and Examples", McGraw-Hill.The "instruction" in the standard measurements is not a count of the ISA's actual machine language instructions, but a unit of measurement, usually based on the speed of the VAX computer architecture.Optimization of the design requires familiarity with compilers, operating systems to logic design, and packaging.